Menu
X

Types Of Drugs

Hallucinogens

Can be divided into three broad categories: psychedelics, dissociatives, and deliriants. These can cause subjective changes in perception, thought, emotion and consciousness.

Headshop

Also often referred to as "Legal Highs" are substances which are usually sold via Head Shops (It is important to note that although these drugs may not be illegal it does not necessarily mean they are safe).

Opioids

Can be divided into three broad categories: psychedelics, dissociatives, and deliriants. These can cause subjective changes in perception, thought, emotion and consciousness.

Sedatives

Substance that depresses the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in calmness, relaxation, reduction of anxiety, sleepiness, and slowed breathing.

Solvents

When inhaled, solvents have a similar effect to alcohol. They make people feel uninhibited, euphoric and dizzy. incl: gas lighter refills, aerosols etc.

Stimulants

Are drugs that make people feel more awake, alert and energetic.
Cocaine and amphetamines are stimulants.

Drugs Of Abuse Details

The illegal drugs that people are most likely to try are:

What are the street names/slang terms?

Alcohol is a depressant.

What is Alcohol?

Alcohol is a depressant.

What does it look like?

Alcohol is used in liquid form.

What is Alcohol?

Alcohol is drunk. Types include beer, wine, and liquor.

What are its short term effects?

When a person drinks alcohol, the alcohol is absorbed by the stomach, enters the bloodstream, and goes to all the tissues. The effects of alcohol are dependent on a variety of factors, including a person’s size, weight, age, and sex, as well as the amount of food and alcohol consumed. The disinhibiting effect of alcohol is one of the main reasons it is used in so many social situations. Other effects of moderate alcohol intake include dizziness and talkativeness; the immediate effects of a larger amount of alcohol include slurred speech, disturbed sleep, nausea, and vomiting. Alcohol, even at low doses, significantly impairs the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Low to moderate doses of alcohol can also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including domestic violence and child abuse. Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness, and fatigue.

What are its long-term effects?

Prolonged, heavy use of alcohol can lead to addiction (alcoholism). Sudden cessation of long term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and convulsions. Long-term effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol, especially when combined with poor nutrition, can lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and liver. In addition, mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants may suffer from mental retardation and other irreversible physical abnormalities. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other children of becoming alcoholics.

What are the street names/slang terms?

Big O, Black stuff, Block.

What is Opium?

An opioid or narcotic, made from the white liquid in the poppy plant.

What does it look like?

A black or brown block of tar like substance.

How is it used?

Smoked

What are its short-term effects?

Opium can cause euphoria, followed by a sense of well-being and a calm drowsiness or sedation. Breathing slows, potentially to the point of unconsciousness and death with large doses. Other effects can include nausea, confusion and constipation. Use of opium with other substances that depress the central nervous system, such as alcohol, antihistamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, or general anesthetics, increases the risk of life-threatening respiratory depression.

What are its long-term effects?

Long-term use can lead to drug tolerance, meaning the user needs more of the drug to get similar euphoric effects. Opium use can also lead to physical dependence and addiction. Withdrawal symptoms can occur if long term use is reduced or stopped.

What are the street names/slang terms?

Big H, Blacktar, Brown sugar, Dope, Horse, Junk, Muc, Skag, Smac

What is Heroin?

Heroin is a highly addictive drug derived from morphine, which is obtained from the opium poppy. It is a “downer” or depressant that affects the brain’s pleasure systems and interferes with the brain’s ability to perceive pain.

What does it look like?

White to dark brown powder or tar-like substance.

How is it used?

Heroin can be used in a variety of ways, depending on user preference and the purity of the drug. Heroin can be injected into a vein (“mainlining”), injected into a muscle, smoked in a water pipe or standard pipe, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette, inhaled as smoke through a straw, known as “chasing the dragon,” snorted as powder via the nose.

What are its short-term effects?

The short-term effects of heroin abuse appear soon after a single dose and disappear in a few hours. After an injection of heroin, the user reports feeling a surge of euphoria (“rush”) accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, a dry mouth, and heavy extremities. Following this initial euphoria, the user goes “on the nod,” an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Mental functioning becomes clouded due to the depression of the central nervous system. Other effects included slowed and slurred speech, slow gait, constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, impaired night vision, vomiting, constipation.

What are its long-term effects?

Long-term effects of heroin appear after repeated use for some period of time. Chronic users may develop collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, abscesses, cellulites, and liver disease. Pulmonary complications, including various types of pneumonia, may result from the poor health condition of the abuser, as well as from heroin’s depressing effects on respiration. In addition to the effects of the drug itself, street heroin may have additives that do not really dissolve and result in clogging the blood vessels that lead to the lungs, liver, kidneys, or brain. This can cause infection or even death of small patches of cells in vital organs. With regular heroin use, tolerance develops. This means the abuser must use more heroin to achieve the same intensity or effect. As higher doses are used over time, physical dependence and addiction develop. With physical dependence, the body has adapted to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms may occur if use is reduced or stopped. Withdrawal, which in regular abusers may occur as early as a few hours after the last administration, produces drug craving, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea and vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps (“cold turkey”), kicking movements (“kicking the habit”), and other symptoms. Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 72 hours after the last does and subside after about a week. Sudden withdrawal by heavily dependent users who are in poor health can be fatal.

Long-term effects of heroin appear after repeated use for some period of time. Chronic users may develop collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, abscesses, cellulites, and liver disease. Pulmonary complications, including various types of pneumonia, may result from the poor health condition of the abuser, as well as from heroin’s depressing effects on respiration. In addition to the effects of the drug itself, street heroin may have additives that do not really dissolve and result in clogging the blood vessels that lead to the lungs, liver, kidneys, or brain. This can cause infection or even death of small patches of cells in vital organs. With regular heroin use, tolerance develops. This means the abuser must use more heroin to achieve the same intensity or effect. As higher doses are used over time, physical dependence and addiction develop. With physical dependence, the body has adapted to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms may occur if use is reduced or stopped. Withdrawal, which in regular abusers may occur as early as a few hours after the last administration, produces drug craving, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea and vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps (“cold turkey”), kicking movements (“kicking the habit”), and other symptoms. Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 72 hours after the last does and subside after about a week. Sudden withdrawal by heavily dependent users who are in poor health can be fatal.

What are the street names/slang terms?

Smack, Junk, Skag, Dope, and Chaw

What is Brown Sugar?

Brown Sugar is a semi synthetic opioid derived from the morphine extracted from poppy plants.

What does it look like?

Dark brown powder.

How is it used?

Most brown sugar users prefer to smoke the drug. Its properties are well-suited to smoking as it burns at a lower temperature. Practically, smoking is a very efficient way of taking the drug.Some will heat the powder on tin-foil and inhale the fumes; others will inject themselves with brown sugar; this is difficult as the impure substance doesn’t dissolve well in liquid.

What are effects of Brown Sugar?

Brown sugar threats are analogous to many of the dangers presented by heroin. Often brown sugar abusers will develop a dependency on the drug, and as a result – begin having extreme withdrawal symptoms only a few hours after use.

Specifically, some of the threats surrounding brown sugar abuse are:

  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Lack of concentration
  • Depression and frustration

What are the street names/slang terms?

Coke, Flake snow, Toot, Blow, Nose candy, Liquid lady, Speedball, Crack, and Rock

What is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain.Derived from the coca plant, cocaine is usually sold as a fine white powder (hydrocholride salt).

What does it look like?

Fine white powder (hydrocholride salt).

How is it used?

The water-soluble hydrochloride salt and the water-insoluble cocaine base.When abused, the hydrochloride salt, or powdered form of cocaine, can be injected or snorted.

What are its short-term effects?

Cocaine's effects appear almost immediately after a single dose and disappear within a few minutes or within an hour. Taken in small amounts, cocaine usually makes the user feel euphoric, energetic, talkative, and mentally alert, especially to the sensations of sight, sound, and touch. It can also temporarily decrease the need for food and sleep. Some users find that the drug helps them perform simple physical and intellectual tasks more quickly, although others experience the opposite effect. The duration of cocaine's euphoric effects depends upon the route of administration. The faster the drug is absorbed, the more intense the resulting high, but also the shorter the duration. The high from snorting is relatively slow to arrive but it may last 15 to 30 minutes; in contrast, the effects from smoking are more immediate but may last only 5 to 10 minutes.

What are its long-term effects?

With repeated exposure to cocaine, the brain starts to adapt, and the reward pathway becomes less sensitive to natural reinforcers and to the drug itself. Tolerance may develop—this means that higher doses and/or more frequent use of cocaine is needed to register the same level of pleasure experienced during initial use. At the same time, users can also become more sensitive (sensitization) to cocaine's anxiety-producing, convulsant, and other toxic effects. Users take cocaine in "binges," during which the cocaine is used repeatedly and at increasingly higher doses. This can lead to increased irritability, restlessness, panic attacks, and paranoia—even a full-blown psychosis, in which the individual loses touch with reality and experiences auditory hallucinations. With increasing dosages or frequency of use, the risk of adverse psychological or physiological effects increases.

What are the street names/slang terms?

Grass, Pot, Hash, Weed, Reefer, Mary Jane, Dope, Herb, Mull, Rope, Buddha, Ganja, Joint, Stick, Buckets, Cones, Skunk, Hydro, Yarndi, Smoke, Hooch, Spliff, Skunk.

What is Cannabis?

Cannabis is a flowering plant genus that includes three acknowledged varieties 1.Cannabis sativa 2.Cannabis indica 3.Cannabis ruderalis.Cannabis is derived from a variety of Indian hemp plants.

What does it look like?

It’s most common form is dried leaves that are green to brown.They can be whole leaves and buds or cut up.

How is it used?

Cannabis used medically has several well-documented beneficial effects.

What are its short-term effects?

Short term effects of Cannabis are Sensory distortion , Panic, Anxiety,Poor coordination of movement , Lowered reaction time , After an initial “up” the user feels sleepy or depressed , Increased heartbeat (and risk of heart attack).

What are its long-term effects?

Long term effects of Cannabis are Reduced resistance to common illnesses (colds, bronchitis, etc.),Suppression of the immune system,Growth disorders, Increase of abnormally structured cells in the body,Reduction of male sex hormones , Rapid destruction of lung fibers and lesions (injuries) to the brain could be permanent,Reduced sexual capacity , Study difficulties: reduced ability to learn and retain information , Apathy , drowsiness , lack of motivation ,Personality and mood changes ,Inability to understand things clearly.

What are the street names/slang terms?

Cigs, Fags, Butts, Darts, Smokes, Cancer Sticks, Ciggies, Rollies.

What is Tobaccco?

Tobacco comes from the leaves of the tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum and Nicotiana rustica).

What does it look like?

Cigarettes are the most common way to smoke tobacco. Smoking tobacco in cigars and pipes is less popular.

How is it used?

Cigarettes are the most common way to smoke tobacco. Smoking tobacco in cigars and pipes is less popular.

What are its short-term effects?

  • initial stimulation, then reduction in activity of brain and nervous system
  • increased alertness and concentration
  • feelings of mild euphoria
  • feelings of relaxation
  • increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • decreased blood flow to fingers and toes
  • decreased skin temperature
  • bad breath
  • decreased appetite
  • dizziness
  • nausea, abdominal cramps and vomiting
  • headache
  • coughing, due to smoke irritation.

What are its long-term effects?

Tar in cigarettes coats the lungs and can cause lung and throat cancer in smokers. It is also responsible for the yellow brown staining on smoker's fingers and teeth.Carbon monoxide in cigarettes reduces the amount of oxygen available to the muscles, brain and blood. This means the whole body especially the heart must work harder. Over time this causes airways to narrow and blood pressure to rise, which can lead to heart attack and stroke.High levels of CO, together with nicotine, increase the risk of heart disease, hardening of the arteries and other circulatory problems.

What is Hallucinogens?

Hallucinogens are drugs that cause hallucinations - profound distortions in a person's perceptions of reality.

What does it look like?

Hallucinogens look like purple monkeys on the wall or bright yellow snakes crawling on the floor toward your feet! Seriously, hallucinogens can look like mushrooms.

How is it used?

They can come in a powder form. They can also come in liquid form or pills.

What are its short-term effects?

Hallucinogens affect all of your senses, but in particular your vision and hearing.You may see and hear things differently than they are (for example, colours may seem brighter and richer, and sounds sharper), and you may even have visions of things that aren’t there at all (hallucinations).These drugs may alter your sense of time and space.The effects of hallucinogens are very unpredictable, and can vary each time you take a hallucinogen, so you never know what kind of experience you’ll have.The effects depend on how much of a drug you take, your size and weight, whether you’re mixing a hallucinogen with other drugs or alcohol, as well as your state of mind and your expectations of the experience.

What are its long-term effects?

Regular LSD use may give you flashbacks, which can cause you problems years later. A flashback is when, days, weeks, or even years later, you re-experience the effects of LSD, usually for one or two minutes. You may hallucinate again, or may have your vision and thought processes temporarily altered. Flashbacks are often triggered by stress, fatigue, or other drug use.It is believed that LSD can do long-term damage to your memory and ability to concentrate.

What is Ecstacy?

Ecstacy is an empathogenic drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine classes of drugs.

What does it look like?

Powder or Crystalline form

How is it used?

Street pill form

What are its short-term effects?

The primary effects attributable to MDMA consumption are predictable and fairly consistent among users. In general, users begin reporting subjective effects within 30–60 minutes of consumption, hitting a peak at about 75–120 minutes, reaching a plateau that lasts about 3.5 hours. This is followed by a comedown of a few hours. After the drug has run its course, many users report feeling fatigue.

What are its long-term effects?

  • Derealization
  • Depersonalization
  • Altered perception of space and time
  • Positive basic mood
  • Mania-like experience
  • Anxious derealization
  • Thought disorder
  • Fears of loss of thought or body control
  • Visual hallucinations or pseudo-hallucinations
  • Synesthesia
  • Changed meaning of percepts
  • Facilitated recollection or imagination

What is Buprenorphine?

Buprenorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid that is used to treat opioid addiction in higher dosages (>2 mg), to control moderate acute pain in non-opioid-tolerant individuals in lower dosages (~200 µg), and to control moderate chronic pain in dosages ranging from 20–70 µg/hour.

What does it look like?

Buprenorphine resembles a white oval tablet. On one side is a printed number depending on the medicine's dose, and on the other is very thin cross symbol.

How is it used?

Generally available as Temgesic 0.2 mg sublingual tablets, and as Buprenex in a 0.3 mg/mL injectable formulation.

What are its short-term effects?

What are its long-term effects?

What are the street names/slang terms?

Speed, Whiz, Uppers, Goey, Louee.

What is Amphetamines?

Amphetamines are synthetic drugs meaning they are not natural and created by processing chemical ingredients.

What does it look like?

They can be different coloured powders,Capsules of various colors,Ice comes in sheet like crystals or crystalline powder.

How is it used?

Amphetamines used in different ways.Injected,Snorted,Smoked,Oral.

What are its short-term effects?

  • High body temperature
  • Cardiovascular system failure
  • Irregular or increased heart rate/heart beat
  • Increased diastolic/systolic blood pressure
  • Increased activity/talkativeness
  • Decreased fatigue/drowsiness
  • Decreased appetite
  • Dry mouth Increased respiration
  • Headache .

What are its long-term effects?

  • Mood or mental changes
  • Unusual tiredness or weakness
  • Convulsions
  • coma and death
  • Mental illness
  • Skin disorders
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Flush or pale skin
  • Loss of coordination and physical collapse.

What is Propoxyphene?

Propoxyphene is in a group of drugs called narcotic pain relievers.Propoxyphene is used to relieve mild to moderate pain.

What does it look like?

How is it used?

What are effects?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to propoxyphene: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • Shallow breathing, slow heartbeat
  • Feeling light-headed, fainting
  • Confusion, hallucinations, unusual thoughts or behavior
  • Seizure (convulsions)
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Less serious side effects:

  • Feeling dizzy or drowsy
  • Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, constipation
  • Headache, muscle pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Mild skin rash.

What are the street names/slang terms?

Barbs, Bluebirds, Blues, Tooies, Downers, Phennies, Yellow jackets, Blue devils, Reds and Rainbows.

What is Barbiturates?

Barbiturates are a synthetic drug classified as a sedative hypnotic.

What does it look like?

Barbiturates are usually sold as capsules with powder inside them.

How is it used?

Barbiturates are usually swallowed but sometimes barbiturates are injected and this can be extremely dangerous.

What are its short-term effects?

In small quantities barbiturates provide relief from insomnia, anxiety and tension, they might make the user appear drunk. There is a high risk of overdose because the lethal dose is quite close to the 'normal' dose and so you can overdose without knowing it.

What are its long-term effects?

Long term use of barbiturates can lead to depression, intense tiredness and extreme mood swings.

What is Sedatives / Hypnotics ?

sedative / hypnotic a sedative that depresses activity of the central nervous system and reduces anxiety and induces sleep

What does it look like?

How is it used?

What are its short-term effects?

Short term effects of Sedatives / Hypnotics are Euphoria (Being in a happy world),Fatigue , Shallow breathing, Trouble coordinating your movements,Paranoia,Aggression,Difficulty remembering , Irritability, Easily agitated .

What are its long-term effects?

Long term effects of Sedatives / Hypnotics are Tolerance develops, resulting in dependence,


Common Drugs & Their Effects

    • Opium,Apheem

      Drugs/Trade - Opium,Apheem

      Usual Methods of Administration - Oral,Smoked

      Medical Uses - Analgesic

      Immediate(Short Time) - Euphoria

      Delayed (Prolonged) - Impaired health High incidence of

      Effects of Overdose - Slow and shallow breathing,clammy

      Withdrawal Syndrome - Insomnia,watery eyes,runny nose

    • Morphine, Morphia
    • Codeine,Empirin, Codeine Phosphate
    • Heroin,Diacetylmorphine,Smack,Brown Sugar
    • Meperidine,Demerol,Pethidine
    • Other Narcotics,Lomotil
    • Barbiturates,Amytal, Butisol,Cyclobarbital, Barbital, Nembutal,Seconal, Tuinal, Phenobarbital, Amobarbital
    • Benzodiazepines,Diazepam, Librium,Valium,Paxipam, Calmpose
    • Methaqualone, Mandrax, Prodorm, Nindra
    • Other Depressants,Placidyl
    • Cocaine,Crack
    • Amphetamines,Dexedrine,Dexamphetamine,Biphetamine
    • Amphetamines,Dexedrine,Dexamphetamine,Biphetamine Phenmetrazine,Preludin
    • Methylphenidate,Ritalin
    • Other Stimulants, Sanorex,Adipex,Didrex,etc.
    • LSD,Acid,Microdot
    • Amphetamine Variants, MDMA, Ecstacy
    • Phencycldine,PCP
    • Other hallucinogens,Magic Mushroom, Psilocybin,Psilocyn
    • Marijuana, Pot, Grass, Reefer, Bhang, Ganja, Sulfa
    • Tetrahydrocannabinol,THC,Marinol
    • Hashish,Hash,Charas
    • Hashish Oil,Hash Oil
Latest Hospital
09-03-2018
image
31-01-2018
image
Recently joined
23-05-2018
image
08-05-2018
image
08-05-2018
image

© Copyright 2012 - 2018 Doctors Directory India. All rights reserved.     About Us | Contact Us | Terms & Conditions