Understanding Tubal Occlusion

By Dr. Shweta Goswami

Infertility is a problem that affects almost 14 percent of couples in India, yet surprisingly, it is very less talked about. Infertility can be a result of numerous factors, some of which can be treated permanently while others need lifelong management. The reproductive system, be it male or female, consists of various organs, and the normal functioning of all of these is pertinent for a healthy conception. Fertility specialists in Noida suggest that tubal occlusion is one of the most common causes of infertility in women. Marked by a severe blockage in the fallopian tube, tubal occlusion can be the outcome of various factors. The fallopian tubes play a major role in reproduction by serving as a passage for the fertilized egg to reach the sperm. The process of fertilization takes place here and once the zygote is formed, it is sent back to the uterus for implantation. Any sort of obstruction or blockage in the fallopian tubes is likely to hinder the normal process of fertilization by preventing the egg from reaching the sperm.

Are there any symptoms that you need to look out for?

If we talk about the symptoms, a woman suffering from tubal occlusion does not experience any major symptoms and may only find it difficult to conceive even after a year of unprotected sex. In some cases, there is a possibility of experiencing mild pelvic pain or discomfort that may radiate towards the belly. The pain is usually persistent it and worsens while the woman is on her periods. Blocked fallopian tubes are also known to increase the risks of pregnancy, in which the fertilized egg gets stuck inside the tube and no uterine implantation takes place. Treatment for tubal occlusion is offered at the best IVF and ICSI center in Noida.

Finding out what triggers the problem

Your fallopian tubes may get blocked due to a number of reasons which include:

  • Medical history of chronic pelvic infection

  • Medical history of a burst appendix

  • Having an underlying medical condition like endometriosis

  • Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea.

  • Undergoing a major abdominal surgery

  • Hydrosalpinx, marked by fluid accumulation at the end of the fallopian tube which may lead to swelling and inflammation.

Identifying the problem

The fact that tubal occlusion does not induce any major symptoms makes it difficult to identify the problem. Specialists from the best IVF center in Noida recommend the following 3 tests for determining whether a person has blocked fallopian tubes or not.

Hysterosalpingogram or HSG - It uses x-ray technology to examine the Fallopian tubes. A special dye is injected into the womb of the woman and an x-ray is taken to determine whether the dye is flowing normally or there is any obstruction hindering its flow.

Sonohysterogram - The procedure is somewhat similar to HSG, the major difference being that instead of using the x-ray technique, the procedure uses sound waves to generate the images of the fallopian tube.

Laparoscopic surgery - It is a keyhole surgery which involves the insertion of a tiny camera into the body of the patient so as to take pictures of the fallopian tube from within.

Can surgery help you?

Tubal occlusion can be treated surgically in the majority of cases. The main focus of the treatment is to

  • Remove the scar tissue

  • Create a bypass for the easy movement of the egg

  • Open the fallopian tube from within

If surgery is not an option for you, you can still go for assisted reproduction in order to initiate your journey towards parenthood.

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